The Albert Nile is a 130 mile section of the White Nile (one of the two major tributaries of the Nile River) beginning in northwest Uganda and ending at the border with Sudan, where the name of the river changes to Bahr el Jebel or River of the Mountain, or Mountain Nile.

The Albert Nile begins as the outflow of from Lake Albert on the border between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. A few miles from the northern tip of Lake Albert where the Albert Nile begins, the lake receives the flow of the Victoria Nile which drains Lake Victoria. Lake Albert also receives the flow of the Semliki River at its southern end. Lake Albert lies at the northern end of  the Albertine Rift, the western branch of the Great Rift System, which runs from the Middle East south through eastern Africa to Mozambique.

The Albert Nile is navigatable over its entire length. A bridge crosses the Albert Nile just north of Lake Albert at Pakwach which carries a road between the cities of Gula, Uganda to the east and Arua to the northwest.

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